Joseph was the son of Clayton Deviney and Charlotte Unknown. Joseph and Jane had the following children:
- Charles Henry Deviney, 1847-1920. He lived in the Juliustown area of Springfield Twp., Burlington, New Jersey. He married Mary G. Mount and they had the following: Jane S. Deviney Harker and Lydia T. Deviney Stevens.
- Sarah Ann "Sadie" Deviney Vansant, 1851-1908. She married a prominent Camden coffee merchant, James Alpheus Vansant. They had two children: Amy Rose Vansant Scott and Ada V. Vansant Stoddard.
- Edith Ella Deviney Cliver, 1852-1925. She married David L. Cliver. They lived in the Camden area. They had: Shannon Cliver, Sadie V. Cliver Underwood, Estella Cliver Willett.
- Joseph W. Deviney, 1858-1908. Died in the New Aveline Hotel fire in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Married Sarah Kirk. One daughter, Florence J. Deviney.
Surname is often also spelled: Devinney, Devinny or Deviny.
Joseph died in 1863, Jane in 1892. Their headstones can be seen here.